A learning disability affects the way a person learns things throughout their life. It can affect how the person understands information and how they communicate. A person with a learning disability may have difficulty coping independently, understanding complex or new information or learning new skills. It affects everyday activities such as managing finances, socialising and household tasks.

A learning disability can be diagnosed as mild, moderate or severe and it affects each person who had one differently.

A profound multiple learning disability (PMLD) is when a person has other disabilities or a severe learning disability which impacts on their ability to communicate and be independent. People who have PMLD may need a carer to support them with most areas of daily life such as going to the toilet, eating and washing.